In the 18th and 19th centuries, a new field emerged. For artists focusing on botanicals, pioneering techniques allowed their work to cross over to science. Illustrators captured plants and bugs in exquisite detail, observing them in their habitats and discerning new information about their role in the environment. Their art helped aid the work of doctors, entomologists and more formal botanists.
In the case of the following three botanical illustrators, they were able to achieve a degree of professional notoriety that was remarkable for their gender at that time. The beauty and technicality of their work continues to resonate and can be seen in galleries, exhibitions and even in the names of several critter and plant species.